A Solar Home That’s Ahead of the Curve
The founders of a solar power company find out what it takes to modernize their older home and make it independent of fossil fuels.
Tom and Darlene McCalmont knew that their small bungalow needed extensive updating. As co-founders of Regrid Power, a company that installs solar power systems, they were committed to remodeling sustainably.
In addition to making their home more energy efficient, the McCalmonts installed a solar electric system. They also insulated the entire building envelope with closed-cell spray foam, installed energy efficient LED lighting, and used passive solar design to help with temperature regulation. And as part of their quest to reduce fossil fuel consumption, they wired the garage for electric vehicles.
Indoor Air Quality
The home’s heating and air conditioning system includes heat recovery ventilation, which is programmed to automatically circulate fresh air at a low level on a continual basis. The back of the house has a 16-foot wide section of accordion doors that can be pushed open to naturally ventilate the house on mild days. When it’s too warm inside, several operable skylights provide a thermal stack effect, drawing warm air up and out of the house.
To reduce indoor air pollution, zero VOC paints and water-based clear finishes were used throughout the home.
More than half of the existing house was retrofitted with a new foundation for earthquake safety, which involved shoring up the framing, pouring a new foundation, and setting the framing back down. Seismic retrofitting increases the likelihood that the building will remain usable for many generations.
For the new framing, all the major timbers are engineered lumber, and most of the solid lumber and plywood is certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) to have been sustainably harvested. The builders reused many of the existing framing members. The old exterior redwood siding was sandblasted, clearcoated and reused in the home’s interior.
The home’s new water distribution system uses small diameter, flexible cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) pipes that run directly to the fixtures from manifolds located near the water heaters. This alternative to typical branched piping decreases the volume of water in individual pipes and saves water and water heating energy. The project installed high efficiency toilets that use 1.28 gallons per flush, low-flow showerheads and bathroom faucets, a water-efficient washing machine, and an on-demand recirculation control pump. Outside, the McCalmonts are planning new water-conserving landscaping. Instead of turf, the property will be planted with mostly California native and Mediterranean species that require little irrigation water.
Community & Living Green
The project received GreenPoint Rated points for being located in a built urban setting with utilities already in place. Accessibility features include a zero step entrance, interior doors and passageways on the main floor that have at least 32-inch clear passage space, and blocking for grab bars in main floor bathrooms.